Health and Wellness Informatics News
With a new meta-analysis, it is now established that telemedicine offers positive side effects on maternal and neonatal health care.
The study discovered that telehealthcare could become safe and effective when the management of high-risk pregnancies comes to hand. The meta-analysis examined 12 studies published in English and Turkish between 2016 to 2021. The analysis wishes to examine the effects of virtual care on maternal and neonatal health outcomes and costs.
The researchers wrote that the COVID-19 pandemic brought the usage of telehealth applications. Its application in monitoring high-risk pregnancies increased greatly in antenatal health services.
They added that this formed the basis of a strong evidence-based examination of the effectiveness of telehealthcare and the present study. 22% of pregnancies are at high risk due to chronic health problems, infections, and various complications.
The management of high-risk pregnancies needs an individualized and innovative approach. One of the innovative approaches is telehealth. The interventions include smartphone apps and a web-based platform, and telephone calls.
The study suggests that they found that telehealthcare interventions had a positive impact on neonatal health as well as on costs. The results are important in that they indicate that modern technology can get used in the management of high-risk pregnancies.
The average number of face-to-face and ultrasound visits got decreased due to telehealth. However, the number of nursing follow-ups by phone and the total number of nursing interventions increased substantially.
Hence, there was no effect on non-stress visits and receiving emergency obstetric care. Researchers also found that fasting insulin, hemoglobin A1C levels before delivery, and emergency cesarean-section rates were lower in the telehealth group. Whereas the use of antenatal corticosteroids was higher.
Hypoglycemic medication at delivery compliance with actual blood glucose measurements. There is also induction intervention at delivery was higher.
The researchers wrote, “The results analyzed included various pregnancy risk groups, collected from different telehealth applications and treated from a wide perspective that covered maternal, fetal and cost effects, all adding to the strengths of the study and reinforcing the outcomes.”